Experts doubt Al Qaeda link in Mumbai attacks…

29 Nov
The men came wearing black hoods, firing automatic weapons and throwing grenades, taking hostages, attacking two hotels, a cinema, a café, a train station and other popular and undefended “soft targets.”

An e-mail message to Indian media outlets that claimed responsibility for the bloody attacks in Mumbai on Wednesday night said the militants were from the Deccan Mujahideen.

Global terrorism experts said Thursday they had never heard of the group. And based on its tactics, they said, it was probably not a cell or group linked to Al Qaeda.

“It’s even unclear whether it’s a real group or not,” said Bruce Hoffman, a professor at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and the author of the book “Inside Terrorism.” “It could be a cover name for another group, or a name adopted just for this particular incident.”

Chrtistine Fair, senior political scientist and a South Asia expert at the RAND Corporation, was careful to say that the identity of the terrorists could not yet be known. But she insisted the style of the attacks and the targets in Mumbai suggested that the militants were likely to be Indian Muslims – and not linked to Al Qaeda or the violent South Asian terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba.

“There’s absolutely nothing Al Qaeda-like about it,” she said of the attack. “Did you see any suicide bombers? And there are no fingerprints of Lashkar. They don’t do hostage taking, and they don’t do grenades.”

Hoffman agreed that the assault was “not exactly Al Qaeda’s modus operandi, which is suicide attacks.” But he said the timed attacks, which he called “tactical, sophisticated and coordinated,” perhaps pointed to a broader organization behind the perpetrators. Fair also noted that the fact the group had not proclaimed its ideology in a manifesto was “not at all unusual.”
“You don’t see these types of terrorist operations very often, if at all,” Hoffman said. “These aren’t just a bunch of radical guys coming together to cause mayhem.

“This takes a different skill set. It doesn’t take much skill to make a bomb. This is not just pressing a button as a suicide bomber and dying. You don’t learn this over the Internet.”
The word Deccan describes the middle and south of India, which is dominated by the Deccan Plateau. Mujahideen, of course, is the commonly used Arabic word for holy fighters. The very name – if it is a real group – suggests a domestic agenda.

“It’s maybe not so much a group as a cell that will take on a name for a specific operation,” said Fair. “In India you hear these unusual names.”
Fair did not agree that the attacks on Wednesday necessarily required deep planning and training.

“This wasn’t something that required a logistical mastermind,” she said. “These were not hardened targets. A huge train station with zero security. Two hotels with no security, both owned by Indians. Leopold’s Café. How hard is it, really? It’s not rocket science.”
Fair believes the attacks could be “yet another manifestation of domestic terrorism” that has its genesis in a longstanding institutional discrimination against Muslims.

“There are a lot of very, very angry Muslims in India,” she said, “The economic disparities are startling, and India has been very slow to publicly embrace its rising Muslim problem. You cannot put lipstick on this pig. This is a major domestic political challenge for India.”
The CIA puts the population of India at 1.15 billion, with Hindus making up about 80 percent of the total and Muslims 13.4 percent.

Fair said one incident – “a watershed event” – that continues to anger Muslims were the riots that swept nearby Gujarat State in 2002. The violence killed between 1,000 and 2,000 people, most of them Muslims.

“The public political face of India says, ‘Our Muslims have not been radicalized.’ But the Indian intelligence apparatus knows that’s not true. India’s Muslim communities are being sucked into the global landscape of Islamist jihad.

“Indians will have a strong incentive to link this to Al Qaeda. ‘Al Qaeda’s in your toilet!’ But this is a domestic issue. This is not India’s 9/11.”

For Hoffman, who has studied terrorism for more than 30 years, the Mumbai attacks are “alarming on a number of levels.”

“It’s not often that things in terrorism alarm me. So much is a repeat of what we see almost every day, like suicide bombings. There’s no real innovation in terrorism, which is why 9/11 was so terrifying, because it was so innovative and heinously clever.

“But these attacks show how a handful of men, basically using weapons off the shelf, can paralyze a city and frustrate highly trained security forces. These attacks were calculated to spread alarm and anxiety – to put it quite frankly, to unhinge things – and that’s exactly what they’ve done.”

100 Groups In A War Against India…

29 Nov

 

Mumbai’s night of terror underscores a phenomenon concealed by the Indian government and intelligence agencies and deliberately ignored by a biased Anglo-American media for a long time: The rise of a virulent form of Hindu terrorism that begets violence from other minorities.  Here is a list of almost one hundred groups that are fighting the Indian government. All of them thrive in India. The context for what has happened in Mumbai is stunning only for those unaware how a cocktail mix of wrong policies, official patronage to extremism, and separatist movements have come together to destabilize India.

By AHMED QURAISHI

 

     The night of Nov. 26, 2008, will go down in history as the day when India’s homegrown terrorism reared its head after years of silent mushroom growth. 

 

     This terrorism in Mumbai is not surprising, unlike the reactions in most of the western media.  India’s terrorist underground has been flourishing for many years.  While the U.S. media was busy last year likening Pakistan to Iraq in a politically motivated campaign aligned with U.S. military objectives, experts were ranking India only second to Iraq in the number of people who died as a result of terrorist attacks between 2004 and 2007, according to one survey by an American think tank.

 

     The Indian government has been artfully concealing a worrying development for at least sixteen years under an organized hype centered on economic growth and military power projection with a focus on China and Pakistan.

 

     Indian terrorism is a confusing mix. Journalists and observers outside the region often miss the simmering tensions beneath the surface that occasionally burst into the open, surprising many and raising questions like how could there be so much violence in what is supposed to be a secular democracy and a rising economy where such things should not happen.

 

     In India, there is a cocktail mix of wrong policies, official patronage to extremism, and separatist movements, all coming together to destabilize India.  At least 600 Christians, churches, nuns and priests were targeted by Hindu mobs in eastern India in August this year. Almost the entire Muslim population of Kashmir is up in arms against the excesses, arrests, murders and rapes by the Indian army.  For years there has been a media trial of Indian Muslims for real and imaginary involvement in violence.  News such as the arrest this month of two serving Indian army officers involved in crimes that were attributed to Indian Muslims has served to increase disgruntlement among minorities.  In 2002, close to 2,500 Indian Muslim men, women and children were burned alive in the first religious genocide of 21st century. In 1984, Sikhs were hauled off buses in New Delhi and beaten or burned to death following the assassination of Indian prime minister Indra Gandhi at the hands of Sikh bodyguards. And finally, between 12 to 14 separatist insurgencies currently rage across India’s north and northeast.

 

     All of this makes for a dangerous combination that simmers quietly under the surface. The Indian media’s self-imposed ban on discussing these problems helps keep the lid on them.  But when the pressure becomes unbearable, things occasionally burst into the open in the shape of terrorist acts.  This only surprises those who do no know how India has been gradually relapsing into religious extremism in the period between 1990 and 2008.  This history is important in order to understand why the Indian claims of Pakistani complicity in the attacks have often sought to simplify a complex situation.

 

     Hindu militant groups have mushroomed in the past few years. This month, the arrest of two serving Indian army officers has confirmed speculation that Hindu terrorist groups have infiltrated Indian military and political establishments.

 

     1992 was the definite year that saw Hindu fundamentalism express itself politically. Hundreds of religious terrorists descended on a north Indian city with tools in hand. They climbed on top of a majestic, 500-year-old mosque built by the same Muslim rulers who built the famous Taj Mahal.  Imbibed with religious hatred, the Hindu mobs razed the building to the ground.  Indian government authorities did nothing to stop it.

 

     This Indian betrayal of a carefully crafted secular image would prove fatal later. In 1999, a Hindu mob surrounded the car of Graham Staines, an Australian priest, and his underage boy and girl and burned them alive.

 

     Australia maintained an unusual quiet till this day about this major act of terrorism. The bias is easily detectable when compared to Australia’s reaction and statements to ‘Muslim terrorism’, especially in Indonesia and later in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

 

     In this sense, countries like United States, Britain and Australia are partially responsible for letting the growth of India terrorism – with its mix of Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian and ethnic insurgencies – go unnoticed for so many years. These western countries have done this in order not to disturb the Anglo-Saxon project of grooming India as a bulwark against China and Russia and other regional powers.

 

     Following is a list of various indigenous separatist, militant and terrorist organizations operating in India against the Indian federal government.  This list has been compiled using information available in the public domain, news reports and specialized publications. During any given incident in India, a combination of some or all of these organizations is a suspect, including in the Mumbai blasts and in any other militant activity.  Blaming Kashmiris or Pakistanis for Indian internal problems would be a factual misrepresentation that must be countered with full force by Pakistan.

 

     It should also be noted that the Indian establishment is cracking down on Tamil separatists due to violence in Sri Lanka as Tamils are regrouping in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nado.  Tamils have to their credit the last significant political assassination in India, the blowing up of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1984. They continue to be the most ruthless terror outfit in India.  Mumbai blasts carry the fingerprints of many terror groups operating inside India, each with a long list of grievances against the Indian government and enough motivation to carry out such terrorist acts.

 

     Not all groups in this list are necessarily terrorist organizations.  But all of them are active against the Indian government.

 

Hindu Terror Groups

1.      Shiv Sena – Army of Shiva

2.      Bajrang Dal

3.      Durga Vahini-Women militants

4.      BJP

5.      A ragtag, government-armed Hindu militant groups have

         been raised in Kashmir and northern India during this decade

Indian Occupied Kashmir

  1. Hizbul Mujahideen
  2. Harkat-ul-Ansar or Harkat-ul-Jehad-e-Islami
  3. Lashkar-e-Toiba
  4.  Jaish-e-MohammadMujahideen E-Tanzeem
  5.  Jammu & KashmirLiberation Front
  6.  Tehrik-ul-Mujahideen
  7.  Al Badr
  8.  Dukhtaran-e-Millat
  9.  Al Barq
  10.   Al Jehad
  11.   Jamait-ul-Mujahideen
  12.  Jammu & Kashir National Liberation Army
  13.  People’s League 
  14.  Muslim JanbazForce
  15.  Kashmir Jehad Force
  16.   Al JehadForce (combines Muslim Janbaz Force and Kashmir  
  17.  Jehad Force
  18.  Al Umar Mujahideen
  19.  Mahaz-e-Azadi
  20. Islami Jamaat-e-Tulba
  21. Jammu & Kashmir StudentsLiebration Front
  22. Ikhwan-ul-Mujahideen
  23. Islamic Students League
  24. Tehrik-e-Hurriat-e-Kashmir
  25. Mutahida Jehad Council
  26. Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqar Jafaria
  27. Jamait-ul-Mujahideen  
  28. Al Mustafa Liberation Fighters
  29. Tehrik-e-Jehad-e-Islami
  30. Therik-ul-Mujahideen
  31. Muslim Mujahideen
  32. Al MujahidForce
  33. Tehrik-e-Jehad
  34. Islami Inquilabi Mahaz

 ASSAM

40. Bodo Liberation Tigers (BLT)

41. Dima Halom Daogah (DHD)

42. Karbi National Volunteers (KNV)

43. Rabha National Security Force (RNSF)

44. Koch-RajbongshiLiberation Organisation (KRLO)

45. Adivasi Cobra Force(ACF)

46. Karbi People’s Front(KPF)

47. Tiwa National Revolutionary Force (TNRF)

48. Bircha Commando Force(BCF)

49. Bengali Tiger Force (BTF)

50. Adivasi Security Force(ASF)

51. All Assam Adivasi Suraksha Samiti (AAASS)

52. Gorkha Tiger Force(GTF)

53. Barak Valley YouthLiberation Front (BVYLF)

54. Muslim United LiberationTigers of Assam (MULTA)

55. Muslim United LiberationFront of Assam (MULFA)

56. Muslim Security Council of Assam (MSCA)

57. United Liberation Militia ofAssam (ULMA)

58. Islamic Liberation Army of Assam (ILAA)

59. Muslim Volunteer Force (MVF)

60. Muslim Liberation Army (MLA)

61. Muslim Security Force (MSF)

62. Islamic SevakSangh (ISS)

63. Islamic United ReformationProtest of India (IURPI)

64. United Muslim LiberationFront of Assam (UMLFA)

65. Revolutionary MuslimCommandos (RMC)

66. Muslim Tiger Force (MTF)

67. People’s UnitedLiberation Front (PULF)

68. Adam Sena(AS)

69. Harkat-ul-Mujahideen

70. Harkat-ul-Jehad

NAGALAND

71. National Socialist Councilof Nagaland (Isak-Muivah)– NSCN(IM)

72. National Socialist Councilof Nagaland (Khaplang)– NSCN (K)

73. Naga NationalCouncil (Adino) – NNC (Adino)

74. Tripura Liberation OrganisationFront (TLOF)

75. United Bengali LiberationFront (UBLF)

76. Tripura TribalVolunteer Force (TTVF)

77. Tripura Armed TribalCommando Force (TATCF)

78. Tripura TribalDemocratic Force (TTDF)

79. Tripura Tribal YouthForce (TTYF)

80. Tripura LiberationForce (TLF)

81. Tripura Defence Force (TDF)

82. All TripuraVolunteer Force (ATVF)

83. Tribal Commando Force (TCF)

84. Tripura Tribal YouthForce (TTYF)

85. All TripuraBharat Suraksha Force(ATBSF)

86. Tripura Tribal ActionCommittee Force (TTACF)

87. Socialist Democratic Frontof Tripura (SDFT)

88. All TripuraNational Force (ATNF)

89. Tripura Tribal Sengkrak Force (TTSF)

90. Tiger Commando Force (TCF)

91. Tripura Mukti Police (TMP)

Meghalaya 

92. Hynniewtrep NationalLiberation Council (HNLC)

93. Achik NationalVolunteer Council (ANVC)

94. People’s LiberationFront of Meghalaya (PLF-M)

95. Left-wing Extremists

96. People’s Guerrilla Army

  Here are quick references that can help understand the India story:

 

 Hindu Al-Qaeda: Asia’s New ‘Terror Central’ : Here is the hottest Indian story, neatly tucked under the well constructed –and expensive- veneer of ‘Incredible India’ advertisements on international television news channels: The fast rise of Indian religious terrorist organizations that have penetrated India’s military and politics.  The movement is so strong, resourceful and organized that it warrants the label India’s Hindu al-Qaeda. India is quietly emerging as a new ‘terror central’. Since the start of this century, almost nine years ago, India has seen the targeted murder of over 700 Christians, 2500 Muslims, and the unaccounted hundreds of ‘untouchables’. That’s not all. India is now grooming its own ‘Hindu al Qaeda,’ terrorist militias tasked with guarding India’s dreams of becoming the next superpower. Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka beware. India is already grooming rebels to stir trouble in China’s Tibet and Xingjian. The problem with this thinking is that expensive showoff space shuttles to Moon –when almost no one else in the world is doing it for now- won’t reduce poverty among the world’s largest single concentration of poor people on earth.

 

The Face Of India Hidden From The World:  There is a distinct lobby in United States and Britain that played a criminal role in fostering Indian terrorism. It did this by covering up Hindu terrorism against Christians, Muslims, Sikhs and low-caste Indians. Have you seen any of the above pictures published by any American or British newspaper or news service? See [left] the charred bodies of Indian Muslims burned alive by Hindu mobs in 2002, in the 21st century’s first genocide.

 

 Why Hindu Extremists Invaded Taj Mahal? A group of 10 Hindutva activists-cum-militants belonging to Shiv Sena, a core fundamentalist political outfit, sneaked into the Taj Mahal at Agra on July 24 and performed prayers (puja) within the precincts on Thursday. They were taken into custody and later released without any hurdles.  This is a routine matter for Indian governments when Hindus perform illegal activities. Had Muslims enter the temples and remove the idols and clean up the structure to be able to offer prayers to God, the matter would be different. Hindu outfits, who consider themselves above law and have every right to do anything they please with Muslims and their mosques, have been on a rampage for political reasons with concocted stories against Islam.

 

Kashmir Shakes India: Something stunning is happening in Indian controlled Kashmir. World media is not giving it projection, Indians are hiding it and Pakistani media is too busy focusing on political turmoil within. The fact is that the Indian federation has been shaken to the core over the developments in Indian held Kashmir in the last few weeks.

ٹی ٹی پی کا زوا ل اور “را”،”این ڈی ایس ” کے ساتھ گٹھ جو ڑ بے نقا ب : احسا  ن اللہ احسا ن کے تہلکہ خیز انکشافات

22 May

 

(سید ثاقب علی شاہ)

 

بدنا م زما نہ دہشت گرد تنظیم تحریک طا لبان پاکستان (ٹی ٹی پی) اور جماعت الا حرا ر کا سا بقہ ترجما ن احسان اللہ احسان جو ملا لہ یو سفزئی ، شجا ع خا نزا دہ ، نا نگا پر بت میں غیر ملکی سیا حوں  اور با چا خان ائیر پو رٹ جیسے متعدد سفاکا نہ حملوں میں ملو ث رہا اب پا ک فوج کی حراست میں ہے ۔ احسان  اللہ احسان نے خود کو پا ک فو ج کے حوالے کرنے کے بعد تہلکہ خیز انکشافات کیے جس میں سر فہر ست بھا رتی خفیہ ایجنسی “را” کی پاکستان میں دہشت گرد انہ اور تحزیبی کا روائیوں  کے لیے کالعدم دہشت گر د تنظیموں کی سر پر ستی اور مالی معاونت جیسے جر ائم کا پردہ فا ش کر نا ہے ۔ ایک اعتر افی وڈیو بیا ن میں احسان اللہ احسان جس کا اصل نا م لیاقت ہے،  نے واضح کیا کہ وزیر ستان آپر یشن کے بعد یہ دہشت گر د بھا گ کر افغانستا ن چلے گئے جہاں اُس نے دیکھا کہ طا لبا ن کے سر براہو ں ، ” این ڈی ایس ” اور “را” کے تعلقات کو فر وغ حاصل ہو رہا ہے۔ یہ خفیہ ایجنسیا ں طا لبان کی مالی معا ونت کر کے انہیں پا کستان میں دہشت گردی کے لیے اہداف سو نپتی اور بعد ازاں ہر ایک دہشت گر دانہ کا روائی کے عوض انعام بھی دیتی۔ طالبان کے سر بر اہ اپنے جنگجوؤں کو مید ان جنگ میں پاکستان آرمی کے خلا ف لڑنے کے لیے چھو ڑ کر خو د خفیہ ٹھکا نو ں میں رُوپو ش ہو جا تے ۔ پاکستان آرمی کے افغانستان کی سر زمین میں جما عت الاحرار کے خلا ف حالیہ آپریشن میں جہاں متعدد جنگجوؤں کے مرنے کےساتھ ساتھ انکے کیمپ بھی تبا ہ ہوئے  وہاں دوسری طر ف زند ہ بچنے والے جنگجوو ٔں کی اعلی قیا دت ، “را” اور” این ڈی ایس ” کے چھکے بھی چھُوٹ گئے ۔ احسان اللہ احسان نے ان جنگجو ؤں کو جو طالبان کے ُچنگل سے  آزاد ہونا چاہتےہیں انہیں امن کا راستہ اختیا ر کر کے واپس پُر امن  زند گی گزارنے کا پیغام دیا ۔

احسان اللہ احسان کے اعترافی بیان اور ہتھیا ر ڈالنے کی بنیا دی اہمیت یہ ہے کہ تحریک طالبان کے گر وہ انتہائی کمزور ہو رہے ہیں اور یہ بات خوش آئند ہے کہ رواں آپریشن ردالفساد میں پاکستان آرمی نتیجہ خیز کامیابی حا صل کر  رہی ہے ۔ مو جو د ہ فو جی حکمت عملی، پاکستان سے بھا گ کر افغانستان کی سر زمین میں روپو ش ہونے والے دہشت گر دوں کو پا رہ پارہ کر نے اور جڑسے اکھا ڑ نے میں معا ون ثابت ہو رہی ہے۔مو جو دہ آپر یشن نے تحر یک طالبان کو بے انتہا نقصانا ت پہنچا ئے جس کے بعد میڈیا پر کو ریج نہ ملنے کی وجہ سے انہوں نے سوشل میڈیاپر  نو جو انوں کو گمُر اہ کر نا شروع کیا ۔ اپنے اعترافی بیان میں احسان نے کہا کہ وہ اسلا م کی غلط تشر یح کر کے پر وپیگنڈا بیا نا ت  شا ئع کرتے تاکہ نو جو انو ں کےجذبات اُبھار کر انھیں اُکسایا جا سکے ۔ اس نے نوجو انوں کو بھی یہ پیغام دیا کہ یہ لو گ اپنے ذاتی مقا صد اور پاکستان دشمن بیر ونی قوتو ں کی ایما ء پر پا کستان کے خلا ف لڑ رہے ہیں ۔

۳  اپریل کو جب پا کستان آرمی کے میڈیا ونگ (آئی ایس پی آر ) نے جما عت الاحرار  کے آٹھ کما نڈروں کے ہتھیا ر ڈالنے کی خبر سنا ئی تو صرف تین نا م  اکبر ، گل ، اور سر اج کو واضح کیا جبکہ احسا ن اللہ احسان کی خبر کو بعد ازاں  ۱۷ اپر یل کو منظر عام پر لایاگیا  ۔ احسان کی رضاکارانہ حوالگی کی ایک بڑی وجہ تحریک طالبا ن کی قیا دت کا غیر ملکی عنا صر کی ایما ء پر  پا کستا ن کے خلا ف ہتھیا ر اٹھا نا ہے ۔ احسا ن نے یہ بھی انکشاف کیا کہ ان دہشت گرد تنظیمو ں نے افغا نستان میں کمیٹیاں بنا ئی ہیں جن کے ذریعے یہ “را” اور “این ڈی ایس” سے رابطے برقرار رکھتے ہیں۔ ان دونو ں خفیہ ایجنسیوں نے دہشتگر دوں کو خصوصی ویزے جا ری کیے  ہیں تاکہ وہ  افغانستا ن کی سر زمین میں آسانی سے سفر کر سکیں اور یہ ویزے افغانستان میں پا کستانی شنا ختی کا رڈ کی طر ح کا م کر تے ہیں ۔ سکیو رٹی کی  صورتحا ل کے پیش نظر افغانستان میں کہیں بھی سفر سے قبل یہ دہشتگرد افغا نستان اور بھارتی سیکورٹی فورسزسے  رابطے میں رہتے ہیں ۔ یہ ایجنسیاں ان دہشتگردوں کو راستہ فرا ہم کر تی ہیں  اور ان کی پاکستا ن کی سر زمین میں دراندازی کی کو ششوں میں رہنما ئی کر تی ہیں ۔ ایسی صورتحال میں اگر افغا ن فوجی اسٹیبلشمنٹ پاکستان کے ساتھ مخلصا نہ انٹیلی جنس شیر نگ کرے، جس سے وہ ہمیشہ گریزاں رہے ہیں تو ان دہشتگردوں پر مزید دبا ؤڈال کر ان کا قلع قمع کیا جا سکتا ہے ۔

جما عت الا حرار تحریک طالبان کا علیحد ہ ہو نےوالا خطر نا ک ترین گروہ ہے جو متعدد سفاکا نہ حملوں میں ملو ث رہا ہے۔ تین سال قبل وجود میں آنے کے بعد اس گروہ نے ۱۲۰ سے زائد دہشتگر دانہ حملے کیے ۔ ایک مو قع پر یہ گر وہ داعش کےساتھ بھی منسوب رہا مگر دوبارہ تحریک طالبان کے ساتھ شامل ہو ا لیکن اس نےاپنے  آزاد انہ تشخص کو بر قرار رکھا ۔ فروری کے مہینے میں اس  گر وہ نے نا م نہا د ” آپر یشن غا زی ” کا  بھی آغاز کیا جس کے تحت دہشتگر د انہ حملو ں کی نئی لہر شروع کی گئی ۔ احسان اللہ احسان کے حراست میں آنے سے پاکستانی سکیورٹی ایجنسیو ں کو جما عت الا حرار کے نیٹ ورکس اور  آپریشنز کے متعلق بے پنا ہ معلوما ت مل سکتی ہیں جو انکے سد ِباب کے لیے انتہا ئی معاون ثابت ہو ں گی ۔

بھارتی ایجنسی “را” کا تحریک طالبا ن کی قیا دت کو مددفراہم کرنے کے انکشا فات نے تحریک طالبان کے نظریا تی اساس کو معد وم کر دیا ہے ۔ احسان  اللہ احسا ن نے ٹی ٹی پی کما نڈر عمر خا لد خُراسا نی سے کہا کے ہم کا فر و ں سے مد د لے کر ان کے لیے اپنے ملک میں ہی مسلما نو ں کو قتل کر  رہے ہیں جو سر اسر غلط ہے تو خرا سانی نے جو اب دیا کہ ” اگر اسرائیل بھی پاکستان میں دہشتگر د ی کے لیے میر ی معاونت کر ے تو میں اس کی مدد لینے سے بھی گر یز نہیں کر وں گا ” ۔ اس مو قع پر احسان نے اس بات کا احاطہ کر لیا کہ تحریک طالبان کی قیا دت اپنے ذاتی مفا د اور ایجنڈے کے لیے کا م کر رہی ہے اور جہا د کی آڑمیں لگا یا گیا  گمر اہ کُن نعر ہ کبھی  بھی ان کا حقیقی مقصدنہیں رہا۔تحریک طالبان کی قیادت پر ان کے قلیل امیروں کا قبضہ ہے جو معصو م لو گو ں کے قتل ، اغو ا اور ان سے بھتہ لینے کا کا م کر واتےہیں۔ یہ امیر معصوم لو گو ں کو عوامی مقا مات ، سکو لو ں ، کا لجو ں اور یو نیورسٹیو ں میں دھما کے کر نے کے لیےبھی  استعما ل کر تے ہیں ۔ اسلا م ہمیں  امن سے رہنے کی تلقین کر تا ہے اورایسے تما م اقداما ت اسلامی تعلیما ت کے سراسر خلا ف ہیں ۔

قبائلی علا قوں میں پا ک فوج کے آپریشن کے آغا ز کے بعد تحریک طالبان کی صفوں میں اندرونی تنا زعات اور قیا دت کے حصول کے لیے جھگڑوں میں اضا فہ ہو ا ۔ حکیم اللہ محسود کی ہلا کت کے فو راً بعد جا نشینی کی جنگ میں عمر خا لد خُر اسانی ، خا ن سید سجنا اور فضل اللہ ایک دوسرے کے آمنے سامنے آ گئے اور قیا دت حا صل کر نے کی یہ  لڑا ئی وزیرستان آپریشن  کے  بعد مزید شدت اختیار کر گئی ۔ جب تنظیم میں ہر  ایک قیا دت کے حصول لے لیے لڑنا شرو ع ہو گیا تو شو رٰی نے قرعہ اندا زی کر نے کا فیصلہ کیاجس کے نتیجے میں فضل اللہ نیا سر براہ  مقرر ہوا۔ ایسی تنظیم سے کیا توقع کی جا سکتی ہے جس کے سربراہ  کا تعین قر عہ اند ازی سے ہو ا اور اس کا سربراہ )فضل اللہ( اپنے ہی استاد کی بیٹی کو اٹھا کر زبردستی شادی کر کے برے کردار کا مظاہرہ کرے۔ ایسے لوگ اسلام کی تعلیمات سے نالاں ہیں بلکہ یہ اسلام کی بدنامی کا بھی باعث ہیں۔

موجودہ صورتحال میں پاکستان دہشتگردوں کے خلاف انتہائی مضبوط مقام پر کھڑا ہےاور آنے والے دنوں میں مزید مضبوط ہوتا نظر آرہا ہے۔ پاکستان کی نئی فوجی قیادت کی آپریشن ردُالفساد میں نئی حکمت عملی انتہائی موثرثابت ہو رہی ہے جو ایک طرف تمام دہشتگردوں اور تخریب کاروں کے خلاف بلاامتیاز بھرپور طاقت کا استعمال کر رہی ہے وہیں دوسری طرف مفاہمت کا راستہ بھی اپنائے ہوئے ہے۔ وہ لوگ جنہوں نے ریاست پاکستان کے خلاف ہتھیار اٹھائے ہیں ان کا منہ توڑ جواب دیا جائے گا جبکہ وہ لوگ جو  اپنے گمراہ کن نظریات کو ترک کر کےقانون نافذ کرنے والے اداروں سے دہشتگردوں کے خلاف معاونت کریں گے ان کے خلاف مقدمات میں رعایت کی جائے گی۔ احسان اللہ احسان کے مطابق ہزاروں کی تعداد میں دہشتگرد پاک فوج کے سامنے ہتھیار ڈالنا چاہتے ہیں۔ کا ینیٹک آپریشن کے ساتھ ساتھ اس بات کی بھی ضرورت ہے کہ جودہشتگرد ہتھیار ڈالنے کا ارادہ رکھتے ہیں ان  کی حوصلہ افزائی کی جائے ۔ بلوچستان کے عسکریت پسندوں کی طرح ان لوگوں کو بھی خودکو  سیکیورٹی فورسز کےحوالے کرنے کا موقع دینا چاہیےتاکہ وہ مزید گمراہی اور درندگی سے بچ سکیں۔

پاکستانی ریاست ، اداروں اور قوم نے ملک میں سیکیورٹی صورتحال بہتر کرنے کے لیے قابل ستائش پیش قدمی کی ہے۔ آپریشن ردُالفساد میں ہم نے اس حد تک پیش رفت کی ہے کہ سرحد پار بیٹھے  پاکستان کے خلاف دہشتگرد حملوں کی منصوبہ بندی کرنے والے اب بدلتی صورتحال سے دل شکستہ ہیں۔ ریاست پاکستان کی رٹ پورے ملک میں بحال ہے اور یہ بات واضح رہنی چاہیے کہ جب ریاست غیرضروری عناصر کو ختم کرنے کی ٹھان لے توان عناصر کا خاتمہ ان کا مقدر بن جاتا ہے۔ پاکستان  کے لیے اس سے بڑی کوئی کامیابی نہیں ہو سکتی کہ ہمارے بڑے دشمنوں کوگمراہ کن راستوں کے انتخاب کی غلطی کا احساس ہو رہا ہے اور وہ ان راستوں کو ترک کر رہے ہیں۔ احسان اللہ احسان نے سب کے سامنے یہ راز بھی افشاء کر دیا کہ پاکستان میں گزشتہ کئی برس سے جاری دہشتگردی کے پیچھے  کس کے ناپاک ہاتھ ہیں۔پاکستانی خفیہ اداروں کے لیے کلبھوشن کے بعد احسان اللہ احسان ہندوستان کے خلاف بڑی کامیابی ہے۔پاکستان اپنے دشمنوں اور دہشت گردوں کا بھر پور مقابلہ کر کے صفایا کر رہا ہے اوریہی وجہ ہے کہ شکست خوردہ  تحریک طالبان کے کارندے اپنی وفاداریاں بدل کر ہتھیار ڈالنے پر مجبور ہیں ۔

تحریک طالبان میں اندرونی خانہ جنگی

22 May

 

(شیخ محمد بلال)

 

تحریک طالبان پاکستان میں جاری اندرونی خانہ جنگی کو بے نقاب کرنے سے پہلے یہ بات اہم ہے کہ دہشت گرد گروہوں اور تنظیموں کے وجود میں آنے کے عمل پر ایک نظر ڈالی جائے کہ یہ تنظیمیں کیسے شیطانی کام کرتی ہیں اور ان میں کس کردار کے لوگ ہوتےہیں ۔ روایتی طور پر دہشت گرد تنظیمیں نظریاتی بنیاد پر اُبھر کر سامنے آتی ہیں۔ان کے وجو دمیں آنے کی ایک وجہ پانچ سو سال پُرانہ نو آبادیاتی نظام ہے جس سے روایتی معاشروں ،ثقافت اور مذاہب کی تباہی ہوئی جس کے نتیجے میں انھوں نے ظلم وجبر کے اس نظام سے آزادی لینے کا احاطہ کرلیا۔ موجودہ دہشت گرد نہ ہی نظریاتی ہیں اور نہ ہی ظلم کے خلاف ہیں بلکہ اب یہ جرائم ،بغاوت اور تخریب کاری کے گٹھ جوڑ میں تبدیل ہو چکے ہیں۔

موجود ہ دور میں ان دہشت گرد تنظیموں کے زندہ رہنے کا انحصار چار اہم پہلوؤں پر ہے۔ سب سے پہلے مالی امداد ہے جو یہ غیر قانونی سرگرمیوں مثلاً منشیات کی اسمگللنگ ،بھتہ خوری اور جعلی خیراتی اداروں سے حاصل کرتی ہیں یا پھر باقاعدہ ریاستی سرپرستی کی مالی امداد کی شکل میں حاصل کرتی ہیں۔ دوسرا اہم پہلو یہ ہے کہ اب دہشت گرد تنظیموں کو بعض ریاستی عناصر کی اخلاقی حمایت حا صل ہوتی ہے۔تیسرا اہم پہلو بین الاقوامی سطح پر ظاہراً یا پوشیدہ ان غیر ریاستی عناصر کی سیاسی حمایت کا حاصل ہونا ہے۔چوتھا ان دہشت گردوں کا متاثرہ علاقے کے مقامی لوگوں میں گھل مل کر پناہ حاصل کرنا اور اس کے بعد اپنے نام نہاد نظریات کےپرچار سے وہاں کے لوگوں کو گمراہ کر کے مزید بھرتیاں اور اثرورسوخ بڑھانا ہے۔ ان چار اہم پہلوؤں کی وجہ سے تحریک طالبان وجود  میں آئی جس نے دوسری دہشت گرد تنظیموں سے گرینڈ الائنس  بنایا تاکہ پاکستان کو نظریاتی طور پر چیلنج کیا جاسکے ملک میں تصادم اور خانہ جنگی ہواور پاکستان میں اندرونی علاقوں کو متنازعہ بنایا جاسکے۔مگر 2009 میں بیت اللہ محسود  کی ہلاکت کے بعد اس  گرینڈ الائنس میں اندرونی لڑائی شروع ہو گئی جس سے ان کے ناپاک مقاصد کےحصول میں رکاوٹ پیدا ہوئی ۔بعدازاں حکیم اللہ محسود کی ہلاکت اور اس کے بعد مُلّا ریڈیو کو سرپرستی ملنا تحریک طالبان کی اندرونی لڑائی، خونریزی میں مزید اضافے کا باعث بنی۔

پاکستان دشمن ممالک بلخصوص بھارت ان دہشت گرد تنظیموں کی اندرونی لڑائی سے سخت پریشان ہے جو انھیں پاکستان میں خانہ جنگی کےلیے استعمال کرتا رہا ہےاور مزید انھیں مذہبی ،نظریاتی اور نفسیاتی جنگ کا محاذ کھولنے کے استعمال کرنا چاہتا ہے۔بھارت نے اس مقصد کےلیے بہت سے ہتھکنڈے استعمال کیے مگر خاطر خواہ کامیابی حاصل نہ کر سکا ۔ ان کا ایک ہتھکنڈہ ریسٹورنٹ مینیو  کی طرح دہشت گرد ا   نہ اہداف اور ان کے انعامات کےتذکرے پر مشتمل تھا تاکہ اس  گرینڈ الائنس کو یکجا کر کے پاکستان کے خلاف استعمال کیا جا سکے ۔ ان انعامات کےحصول کےلیے ٹی ٹی پی اور دوسری دہشت گرد تنظیموں میں اندرونی خانہ جنگی مزید تیز ہوئی۔ بھارت کے خفیہ ادارے اس منصوبہ بندی میں ناکامی کے بعد اس گرینڈ الائنس کو دوبارہ سرگرم کرنےکےلیے کوشاں ہیں تاکہ پاکستان میں ایک مشترکہ محاذ کھولا جا سکے۔

2017 کے شروع  میں یہ خبریں عام گردش کرنے لگیں کہ ٹی ٹی پی اور خان سجنا گروپ  میں موجود اندرونی لڑائی ختم کروانے کےلیے بھارتی اور افغانی خفیہ ادارے سرگرم ہیں جس کا واضح ثبوت  یہ ہے کہ ان خفیہ اداروں نے خان  سید سجنا کو  ٹی ٹی پی کا ڈپٹی امیر مقرر کروایا اور فضل اللہ کو گرینڈ الائنس دوبارہ یکجا کرنے کےلیے  ذمہ دار مقرر کیا تھا تا کہ پاکستان کی عوام کے خلاف دہشت گردی میں اضافہ اور سی پیک کےخلاف تخریب کاری بڑھائی جاسکے۔ان دہشت گردوں کی ناکامی کی ایک وجہ غیر قانونی ذرائع سے حاصل کردہ وسائل پر اپنا اپنا قبضہ جمانا ہے جس کی وجہ سے پاکستان کےخلاف ان کی یکجہتی متاثّر ہوئی۔

ٹی ٹی پی کے دو بڑے دھڑوں کی آپس میں لڑائی کی وجہ سے مقامی محسود ،وزیر اور داوٗٗٗٗٔد قبائل بھی ایک دوسرے کے آمنے سامنے ہیں جسکی وجہ سے مقامی امن بھی متاثر ہورہا ہے۔ذرائع کے مطابق فضل اللہ خان  سید سجنا کو اپنے راستے سے ہٹانا چاہتا ہے اور حا ل ہی میں خان سجنا نے حضرت اللہ نامی ایک شخص کو وحشیانہ  طریقے سے ٹھکانے   لگایا جس کو  فضل اللہ نے خان سجنا کےقتل کا ہدف سونپا تھا۔ کمانڈر سیف اللہ محسود نے پوری ٹی ٹی پی کے لیے ایک وڈیو پیغام جاری کیا جس میں وہ خان سید سجنا کو ٹی ٹی پی کی اندرونی لڑائی کا ذمہ دار ٹھہرا کر غدار قرار دے رہا ہے۔ اس وڈیو میں سیف اللہ نےخان سجنا کی ٹی ٹی پی کی نائب قیادت کو مسترد کردیاہے۔ اپنے ساتھیوں حضرت اللہ ، پیر  عبداللہ و دیگر  کے بدلے کےلیے  خان سجنا کےقتل کا عہد کیاہے ۔

موجودہ  واقعات دہشتگردوں میں افراتفری کا باعث بن کر فضل اللہ کی قیادت  اور ٹی ٹی پی کےلیے نقصان دہ ثابت ہورہےہیں۔پاکستانی فوج کی ٹی ٹی پی کے ٹھکانوں پر حالیہ بمباری سے فضل اللہ بھاگ کر روپوش ہوگیا جس کی وجہ سے ٹی ٹی پی  میں قیادت کا بحران بڑھ رہا ہے۔خفیہ ذرائع کے مطابق “را” اور “این ڈی ایس” نے بھی  فضل اللہ کو فی الوقت زیر زمین رہنےکی ہدایات دی ہیں تاکہ موجودہ بحران سے نکلنے کے بعد اس سے دوبارہ گرینڈ الائنس کا کام لینےکےلیے کوئی متبادل شیطانی راستہ نکالا جا سکے۔آنے والے وقت میں اس بات کے واضح امکانات موجود ہیں کہ ٹی ٹی پی  ودیگر دہشت گرد تنظیمیں اپنےلیے وسائل پر  قبضہ جمانے کےلیے مزید کوششیں کریں جس کی وجہ سے یہ آپس  میں ایک د وسرے پر وحشیا نہ حملے کریں  اور وفاداریاں تبدیل کر کے  ایک دوسرے کی قیادت کو قتل کرنے کی کوششیں کریں۔

دہشت گردی کے جال میں پھنسے ہوئے عسکریت پسند بھی اپنے شیطانی رہنماوں کے جھوٹے دعووں سے آگاہ ہو چکے ہیں اور اب یہ اخلاقی طور پر اپنے رہنماوں کے احکامات کو کھلم کھلا ترک کررہےہیں۔پیروکار عسکریت پسندوں کو معلوم ہو چکا ہے کہ ان کے رہنماوں کےپیچھے اسلام دشمن طاقتیں ہیں جو ان کو شیطانی کاموں کےلیے استعمال کرتی ہیں۔ ان میں یہ احساس تب پیدا ہوا جب ان کے رہنماوں نے ان کو بے یار و مددگار پاکستانی مسلح افواج کے سامنے چھوڑ دیااور خود اسلام دشمن طاقتوں کے احکامات پر زیر زمین چلے گئے۔

 

Unrealistic Propaganda: Fictional Contents of Rumiyah to Defame ISLAM

22 May

 

(Syed Saqib Ali Shah)

In the 7th edition of Rumiyah, a neophyte female DAISH terrorist slams Muslims of not understanding actual Islam under DAISH. Al-Finlandiyyah influenced by DAISH’ fabricated prespective of Jihad without any sound knowledge of Islam has tried to justify the terrorism of DAISH as sacred act. She has completely ignored DAISH’s involvement of sexual enslavement and rapes of women in Iraq and Syria and blindly writes on propaganda of DAISH for justifying that the ignorant ‘Muslims’ are blaming DAISH for spreading fitnah and ‘spoiling the jihad, though the only true jihad for Allah’s cause is what DAISH is actually conducting for the establishment of Allah’s rule on earth. No doubt jihad is a directive of Islam but DAISH’s killing of innocent Muslims, children and women is not Jihad but it is the worst form of terrorism. The Quran requires of its followers that if they have the strength, they should wage war against oppression and injustice. Those having insight know that Muslims are not given this directive of jihad in their individual capacity but with order of ruler after consensus. No individual or group of Muslims has the right to take this decision on the behalf of all Muslims. It is for this reason that the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said, “A Muslim ruler is a shield; war can only waged under him.” (Bukhari : 2957)  The directive of jihad given by Islam is war for the cause of Allah; therefore, it cannot be waged while disregarding moral restrictions. Hence, it is absolutely certain that jihad can only be waged against combatants. The words of the verse which mention the directive of jihad are totally against to what DAISH perpetuates, “And fight in the way of Allah with those who fight against you and do not transgress bounds in this fighting. Indeed, Allah does not like the transgressors.” (2:190).

 

The writer, who may be a fictional character created by the publishers of Rumiyah, also called Muslims to turn their backs on anyone who votes in elections and become part of democracy. She holds that “Participating in government elections and voting in them, as well as military service, working as a lawyer, and criticising the Shari’ah of Allah, are only a few of the many things which can nullify one’s Islam. So as an example, anyone who denies that a so-called ‘Muslim’ Member of Parliament is a murtadd kafir as he has committed shirk (holding something as equal to Allah) with Allah in legislation is himself a murtadd.” However, In Islam, Judicial Shariah represents sovereignty of Allah whereas sovereignty of nation is represented in the assemblies or consultations (parliaments). Therefore, the people are the one, who select the representations and own the popular will to choose the ruler and the judicial framework that fits within the state, according to the economic, societal, political and other factors. The concept of sovereignty creates various absolute divine rules, however, it gives the people space to design and exercise their power over their polity, policy and political life.

 

Centuries before the thinkers of the present age, the Quran had declared: “And those who obeyed the command of their Lord and established prayer and their affairs are decided by mutual consultation and they spend something out of Our provision in Our way.” (42:38). This clearly meant that an Islamic government would be established through their consultation and everyone will have equal rights in this consultation, whatever done through consultation will only be undone through consultation and every individual will become part of the consultative process. Moreover, if a decision cannot be reached through a consensus or total agreement, then the opinion of the majority shall be accepted as the decision. This is precisely what democracy is. Thus dictatorship is not acceptable in any case whether it is of a dynasty or a group of people and not even of religious scholars in the interpretation of issues related to religion and Shariah. In modern states, the institution of the parliament has been constituted for this very purpose. It holds and should hold the final authority in the system of state. People do have a right to criticize the decisions of the parliament and point out their mistakes; however, no one has the right to disobey them or rebel against them. Neither scholars nor the judiciary is above the parliament. The Quranic principle mentioned above binds every individual and every institution to practically submit to the decisions of the parliament even though they may differ with them. It is only this way which is justified in setting up the rule of Islam and to run it.

 

She said, “While DAISH tries to protect the Muslims living in its shade from kufr (non-believers) and riddah (apostate), every Muslim living in Dar al-Kufr (Islam) must study for himself and protect himself from these actions, and having made hijrah (migration) to become one nation under Caliphate.” On the contrary, what the Quran has said is: “Muslims are brothers, therefore make peace between the two brothers and fear Allah that the mercy may be shown to you.” (49:10). Thus the relationship between Muslims is based on brotherhood. While being divided into several nations, countries and states they are brothers in faith. Hence, what can be demanded from them is that they should keep themselves aware of the circumstances of their brothers, help them in their troubles and tribulations, support those who are oppressed among them, give them preference in economic and social ties and in no circumstances close their doors on them. However, what cannot be demanded from them is that they give up their nation states and national identities and become one nation under so-called Caliphate of DAISH. Just as they can create separate nation and states, in the same way if they have the freedom to follow their religion, they can live in the capacity of citizens of non-Muslim states and adopt their nationality. None of this is forbidden by the Quran and Sunnah.

 

The magazine, which promotes the indiscriminate killing of Muslims and Kafr (non-believers), is widely mocked online. The proponents of DAISH terrorist ideology is at mercy of advocators who do not understand Islam and exploit its teaching.  One of its best instances is the neophyte female DAISH terrorist who criticizes Muslims of not understanding Islam. However, it is forbidden in Islam to declare a caliphate without consensus from all Muslims and DAISH is a group of no more than several thousand. DAISH’s claims to jihad are also illegitimate that they have killed many innocents who were neither combatant nor armed and even DAISH’s terrorists have no definite knowledge about their victims whether they disagree with their opinion or not. There is distinction between Islam and DAISH. DAISH has been carrying out all what is forbidden in Islam, including denying women and children their rights, sexual enslavement and rapes of women in Iraq and Syria, torturing and killing innocent people. DAISH are terrorists and criminals whereas, murderers and criminals have no place in our ranks, in Islam.

DAISH’s Version of a Color Revolution Banks on Challenging the Legitimacy of Salafi Scholars of Arab World

22 May

 

(Shaikh Muhammad Bilal)

Color revolution is a term denoted by academics and the international media to describe various movements that developed in Europe particularly in the former communist countries since the early 2000s.  Color revolutionaries employ both nonviolent civil resistance simultaneously with violent struggles to achieve the goal of overthrowing the ruling regime which is perceived to be corrupt and totalitarian. These movements generally adopt a specific color as their symbol and involve multiple stakeholders including NGOs, INGOs, diplomatic missions, etc in organizing creative non-violent resistance and violent struggles. However, the post color revolution results have been far more catastrophic and devastating for the economy and highly disillusioning for the general masses. Military experts from leading countries consider these color revolutions as a new form of warfare or subversion and sabotage in the garb of popular revolution.

 

In the Islamic world, the most prominent proponent of attracting attention to any socio-political cause is religion. Connect Islam with any cause and the results would be explosive with global implications. When Daish emerged in Iraq it was considered as another terrorist and violent non-state actor, however its ideologues including its leadership were eyeing for gigantic consequences for Islamic countries globally. Color revolutions or new form of waging war controlled from complex situation centers reached the Islamic world in the shape of Arab spring but did not have any significant military – political implications. A slight divergence in state continuity by Arab Spring happened but still majority of the regimes not only survive but prevailed. The project of political ideals leading to revolution in the Islamic world subsided due to being rejected by the populace. This political process was well analyzed by Daish and its affiliates reaching a conclusion that to overthrow governments in Islamic countries it had to challenge the religious scholars of all the Muslim countries of the world especially the Salafi Ulema of Arab World. Challenging and de-legitimization of Saudi Ulema who are revered globally by Muslims would result in Daish gaining a coherent foothold and legitimize its actions in overthrowing regimes in Muslim countries. To pursue this aim, Daish replaced political ideals with religion. Its declaration of the Caliphate was to attract disillusioned youth from Muslim countries to its cause and it received widespread support during the start of its nefarious designs.

 

The declaration of the Caliphate was backed by utter ridicule of the Salafi Ulema and aimed directly at the common Saudi masses to create in them symptoms of revolt against their own state. The results were exceptional as psychopaths, self proclaimed religious zealots, criminals, etc all were now given an opportunity and unwittingly were fulfilling the agenda of Daish and the global conspirators of causing destruction of the Islamic countries especially of Saudi Arabia and capturing the most sacred places of the entire Muslim world, Makkah and Medina. There overt vision of Caliphate is in fact guised under this very aim. The narrative of Muslims do not kill Muslims and Caliphate can never be founded on the blood of the Muslims has been replaced and buried. Daish’s activities, areas under its control and the areas of its brutal and barbaric operations are overwhelmingly in Muslim countries with just sporadic incidents in Europe that too conducted or claimed to gain worldwide notoriety through the mainstream media which feverishly proclaims Daish as the Islamic State, a Caliphate and thus giving them legitimacy to pursue their interests.

 

However, Daish’s lone successes has been only that it’s narrative has been connected to the Salafi teachings (the mainstream religious ideology in Saudi Arabia) out of complete ignorance of the edicts issued by Saudi Ulema on it being apostate. This preplanned preposition of Daish gaining a foothold in the global media was a success while rejection of Daish by the Ulema who deliberated to the Muslims and the international community as working against the universality of peace and coexistence being rejected. It was this victory of its narrative being connected to Saudi / Salafi ideology a victory which resulted in Daish spreading its tentacles physically out of Iraq, Syria and beyond and psychologically attracting fascinations from Muslims with lack of in-depth religious knowledge, and of fear among non- Muslims. If this false narrative of Daish which was purposely in sowed by it would have been rejected at the start and the edict of its denunciation given its true projection, their barbarity could have been halted and rolled backed.

There is a requirement that to turn the tide against Daish, the edicts of the council of grand muftis of Saudi Arabia be the narrative against it. These edicts project the universality of peace and coexistence while utterly rebukes and rejects terrorism in all its manifestations. This has been realized only after the true activities of Daish have become clear that it was trying to adorn itself in the robes of Islam in order to deceive the people, violate sanctities, commit large scale plunder, finally now it is on the run and on the verge of being extinct.

 

Why Daish targets Saudi Arabia including the Saudi Ulema and why does it not target the Zionists in Israel? The true destructive potential of Daish lies in undermining the foundations of Saudi Arabia as a cornerstone of the modern Middle East. And it must be understood that at the moment the West which is allied to Saudi Arabia, is almost doing nothing about it. It is just sitting back and watching. In its publications including Rumyiah, Dabiq and Naba, Daish usually explains its version of the Islamic law (sharia) and it considers Muslims as its targets and not non- Muslims especially Israel which is occupying force of sacred places astonishingly are not the priority targets. This smells of a greater plot of regime change through religious fundamentalism as a differential tool to color revolutions elsewhere. If one analyzes the essence of the articles in the publications, Daish considers the destruction of the Jewish state does not prevail over the “jihad against the godless regimes of Muslim countries”. So only the liberation of Islamic holy places in Saudia Arabia – Makkah & Medina and ousting the Saudi dynasty from power is the only priority of their movement which it has branded as “struggle of the faithful”.

 

This struggle of the faithful according to Daish leadership works according to a well defined secret plan. In 2014, after the Israeli military operation “Enduring rock” against Islamic terrorists who control the Gaza Strip, a spokesman of the Daish justifying the inaction of the organization, who has not come to the aid of Palestinians, confirmed that the destruction of Israel is part of jihad. However, he said Daish works according to plan, and there are a number of steps that need to pass before starting a confrontation with the Jewish state. Currently the initial stage is to bring down regimes especially in Saudia Arabia and to challenge their ulema so that their de-legitimization within their own country and globally occurs at a rapid pace and then Daish’s fills in the religious ideological vacuum left due to this de-legitimization.

 

In the current situation, DAISH’s promotion of hate against Salafi/Wahabi Ulema of Arab World is the most worrisome for the Muslims all over the world. The rejection of violent extremist narrative of DAISH by Imam-e-Kaaba, Sheikh Abdul Rehman Al-Sudais, Sheikh Abdul Aziz, the Grand Mufti of KSA and other senior Salafi/Wahabi Ulema is very troublesome for Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi. As DAISH projects itself as a force fighting a war on the behalf of Muslim World and its ideology is exploitive of sectarian sentiments of Sunnis, many radicalized individuals are trapped to join it. Therefore, it’s the utmost duty of the Sunni Ulemas to create awareness in general public about the evil designs of Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi and DAISH.

 

 

Af-Pak, an Illusory Assessment of Terrorism and  the Mistrust between USA and Pakistan

22 May

 

(Syed Saqib Ali Shah)

A military professor at the United States Naval War College has urged US-led coalition forces in Afghanistan to cast off the illusion of Pakistan being a most important ally in the war against Al-Qaeda and the Taliban and rather see that country essentially as one of its worst enemies. Colonel Robert Cassidy in an article published in the realcleardefense.com website maintained that Islamabad is and acts as an incubator for Islamist insurgents, and suggested eight steps for changing this politico-military equation between Washington, the Coalition and Islamabad, which are: Stop paying for malice; stop major non-NATO ally status for Pakistan; state intention to make the Line of Control in Kashmir permanent; shut down ground lines of communications via Pakistan; declare Pakistan a state sponsor of terrorism; issue one last ultimatum to help end the sanctuary; invite the Indian armed forces into Afghanistan for security operations. He said that for the last fifteen-plus years, Pakistan has employed irregular warfare to promote its chimerical notion of strategic depth by supporting the Taliban and more lethal proxies in Afghanistan. The sanctuary in Pakistan is the most significant obstacle to strategic success. This war will not end, or it will end badly if Pakistan does not stop its perfidy.

The entire article is based on unrealistic assumptions and false notions. It lacks research and objectivity that rightly pointed out an anti-Pakistan bias. These prejudiced ideas and opinion of Col Cassidy reverberate till the end. The fact of the matter is that he deliberately missed the historical facts when, where and how the US had deceived Pakistan in the last six decades of its bilateral relationship. We wish if Cassidy might have mentioned all the facts before lambasting Islamabad for being an incubator of Islamic insurgents. A recent example may open the eyes of critiques against Pakistan as a senior Al-Qaeda commander Qari Yasin linked to major attacks in Pakistan including the 2008 Marriott hotel bombing in Islamabad and the deadly attack on a bus carrying Sri Lanka’s cricket team in 2009 has been killed by a US air strike on 19 March 2017 in Afghanistan. Pakistan’s counter-terrorism department had offered a bounty of 2 million rupees ($19,000) for Yasin. The death of Yasin once again reminded of Pakistan, the victim of terrorism being the front line ally against war on terrorism. This is the right time for the US to stop unnecessarily pressurizing Pakistan and if it failed to do so, the distrust and doubts will only widen in the coming days.

It is ironic when a country which supported extremely questionable groups in Syria accuses another country of supporting proxies. It is generally acknowledged that US made big mistake of Iraq invasion in 2003 which created the conditions leading regional imbalance and increased radicalization. If Pakistan is source of problem in Afghanistan what happened to US in Iraq where Pakistan did not have any stake. The desperation is evident as US failure in Iraq looms over Afghanistan where it faces similar future once it withdraws. The threat of DAISH, emerged from US war torn Iraq now have recruiters present in 25 of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces, the United Nations reported in September 2016. This new DAISH dynamic is quite troubling with their eyes toward Central and South Asia and if US premature behavior prevails what happened in Iraq will happen in Afghanistan. DAISH has similarly getting hold in Afghanistan. Afghanistan looks an unwinnable war for US who spent near a trillion dollars, lost many personnel but the country is still dysfunctional. All those who have been operational commanders or policy makers, when they are held accountable, obviously the defamation characters like Cassidy come up to rescue them with just surfacing blame on Pakistan to incubate Islamic insurgents.

The stalemate in Afghanistan is a sequel to the wrong policies of the US and the lack of clarity in its vision about how to resolve the Afghan conundrum. It has failed to make a realistic appraisal of the prevailing ground realities. US is trying to make Islamabad a “scapegoat to cover up its own failures” in Afghanistan. To add to its woes, the Afghan security forces raised by the US are simply not capable of defending the Afghan cities. Therefore, the US in a bid to cover up its own failures and inadequacies find it convenient to blame Pakistan for the prevailing Afghan situation.

Col Cassidy said that Pakistan has been an epicenter of terrorists and its establishment has maintained links between Al-Qaeda and Taliban. He has sidestepped from the facts as since 2009, 31 military installations, including airbases and intelligence headquarters, have been attacked by the militants affiliated with the Al-Qaeda, Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and its affiliate Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ). The attacks on Pakistan’s naval and air bases have led to the destruction of expensive equipment and loss of military personnel. If these terrorist networks and terrorism is sponsored singularly by Pakistan’s intelligence networks, then it would be irrational to believe that the military attacks its own installations. There seem to be few takers of Pakistan’s position as a “victim of terrorism”. The facts, however, cannot be brushed aside. More than 55,000 civilians and 6,000 or more Pakistani security personnel, have been killed during the past decade.

Pakistan is making “all endeavors” against terrorists of all hues and colour. It initiated indiscriminate action against all the militant outfits based in North Waziristan, including the Haqqani Network through Operation Zarb-e-Azb now extending it with Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad. Their entire infrastructure has been dismantled. However, the leadership of these terrorist groups managed to escape in Afghanistan due to non-cooperation from the Afghan government. Pakistan has taken unilateral action to manage and monitor the border to prevent across-the-border movement of the terrorists. Pakistan has deployed more than 200,000 troops to clear areas near the Afghan border of all insurgents and established government control over most of the treacherous terrain. The counterterrorism campaign has cost Pakistan tens of thousands of lives with economic losses estimated at $107 billion. Pakistan has long said that while it has established hundreds of border outposts in recent years, Afghan and coalition forces have not matched the action.

Pakistan has paid a staggering human and financial cost of the conflict in Afghanistan. Yet, the remarkable success of its military and law enforcement measures has successfully broken the back of terrorist outfits. It was only possible due to indiscriminate targeting of all terrorist groups. But instead of appreciation and applying a similar squeeze on its side of the border, it heard complaints that our strong action was “pushing” terrorists into Afghanistan. The fact is that terrorists found safe haven in Afghanistan because of US failed policies, conducive conditions and weak border controls. The US needs face saving when it has been trying to do something for years and constantly failing at it. However, it’ll be damned if Pakistan is solely blamed for its own failures in Afghanistan.

It is time for the US to realize that it cannot achieve its objective just by applying shear force to dominate its opponent and relying on blame game. Pakistan firmly believes that peace in Afghanistan means peace in Pakistan. The solution to the fighting in Afghanistan lies in dialogue between the two local stakeholders facilitated and supported by neighbors. Pakistan, in any case has a pivotal role in this regard. The US attempt to revive the trilateral dialogue with Afghanistan and India while keeping Pakistan out of the loop further complicate the issue. The US administration and regime in Afghanistan therefore need to develop a realistic view about the ground realities. Pakistan remains committed to all the ideals and hopes its partners will share them with the same zeal. The blame game emanating from there should come to a stop. A particularly good sign from this country’s perspective is General Joseph Votel’s assertion that his side is working closely with Pakistan’s new Army chief and his commanders to eliminate various terrorist groups hiding on both sides of the Pak-Afghan border. That should mean the US will do all that is necessary to wipe out TTP terrorists’ sanctuaries from Afghanistan’s south-eastern provinces which they have been using to launch cross-border attacks on the security forces as well as civilians all over Pakistan.

Just 7.14% polling in Srinagar seat—lowest-ever in 5 decades

12 Apr

UMER MAQBOOL
Srinagar, Publish Date: Apr 10 2017 12:33AM 


Just 7.14% polling in Srinagar seat—lowest-ever in 5 decades

Amid large-scale protests and clashes, the high-profile Srinagar parliamentary segment that went to polls on Sunday recorded the lowest-ever voter turnout, with the Election Commission of India authorities putting the overall polling percentage at 7.14, considered to be worst in five decades. Regarding the killings by forces, the CEO said “it was not a good day for all of us.”

Addressing a news conference here, J&K’s Chief Electoral Officer Shantamanu said nearly 7.14 percent polling was recorded in the segment for which the by-election was necessitated following the resignation of Tariq Hamid Karra. Karra had resigned on October 17 last year over “naked brutalities” inflicted on the people by the Government during the people’s uprising triggered by the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani on July 8.

Giving break-up of votes polled, the CEO said 90050 votes were polled during the day-long exercise that was marked by killing of youth by forces.

The segment spread over Srinagar, Budgam and Ganderbal districts has 12.61 lakh voters.

He said 24574 votes were polled in eight assembly segments of Srinagar district with Hazratbal recording 3483 votes, Zadibal 3280, Eidgah 383, Khanyar 2587, Habba Kadal 2058, Amira Kadal 3331, Sonwar 4777 and Batamaloo 4675.

 Similarly, he said, in five assembly segments of Budgam district, a total of 40288 votes were cast with Chadoora recording 602, Budgam 13276, Beerwah 13625, Khan Sahab 9492 and Chrar-e-Sharief 3293 votes.

In two assembly segments of Ganderbal district, a total of 24217 votes were polled that included 15199 in Kangan and 9018 in Ganderbal assembly segments, the CEO disclosed.

He said 3.84 percent polling was recorded in Srinagar, 8.82 percent in Budgam and 14.71 percent in Ganderbal districts.

“Kangan assembly segment in Ganderbal district recorded highest voter turnout of 15199, while lowest polling of 383 votes was recorded in Eidgah assembly segment,” he said.

Shantamanu also said 971 votes were also polled at the three migrant polling centres set- up at Jammu, Udhampur and New Delhi.

The Sunday’s voter turnout was the lowest-ever in the segment since elections were held for its first time in 1967.

The previous lowest voter turnout in the segment was 11.93% during the 1999 LS elections.

According to the Election Commission of India figures with Greater Kashmir, the voter turnout on the seat was 37.25 percent in 1967, 58.88 % in 1971, 69.12 % in 1977, 73.51 % in 1984, 40.94 % in 1996, 30.6% in 1998, 11.93 % in 1999, 18.57 % in 2004, 25.55% in 2009 and 25.86 % in 2014.

During the 1996 Lok Sabha election, there were massive allegations that forces and ‘Ikhawanis’ (government gunmen) coerced the people to vote and the voter turnout was inflated.

During 1980 and 1989 LS polls, Farooq Abdullah and Muhammad Shafi Bhat were respectively elected unopposed from the segment, while the 1991 LS polls could not be held in J&K due to outbreak of armed militancy.

Shantamanu, who was flanked by IGP Kashmir SJM Gilani, said the voter turnout today was much less than previous LS election when 26 percent polling percentage was recorded.

This implies that voter turnout this time was 19 percent less than previous LS elections.

The CEO said more than 200 incidents of violence were reported in the segment particularly in Central Kashmir’s Budgam district, on Sunday.

“There were more than 200 incidents of stone-pelting and petrol bomb attacks. The protesters also set ablaze a polling booth and also some SRTC and private vehicles,” he said.

He said they closed polling booths in some areas after protesters tried to set them ablaze.

“The EVMs were also damaged in the process but we got them back. After receiving presiding officers’ dairies, a team comprising election observer, returning officer and presiding officer would examine all such cases and decide on what needs to be done in the cases where polling was affected,” he asked.

Asked about the number of stations where polling was affected, the CEO said the number may be 50, 100 or 150.

“I cannot give you the exact number. But I can say the number could be around 50, 100 or 150,” he said.

The CEO described the election for Anantnag parliamentary segment as a major challenge.

“I think it is a bigger challenge and we will face it. We are making preparations in this regard,” he said.

The Anantnag parliamentary segment is going to polls on April 12.

According to observers, today’s voter turnout is a matter of concern for both the ruling PDP and the opposition National Conference.

“It is definitely a set-back for mainstream parties in Kashmir,” they said.

At present, the combined strength of legislators from Central Kashmir’s three districts is 17—14 MLAs and three MLCs.

Meanwhile, J&K Government described the today’s voter turnout as “depressing”.

“It would have been preferable to lose through a heavy turnout of votes rather than win through a boycotted election,” said senior PDP leader, Naeem Akther.

Asked whether 2016 uprising was responsible for the low voter turnout, Akther said the low percentage was due to many factors.

“It is depressing that we should stay away from democratic process, although it has been established that there is no other recipe of problems except democracy. We have to de-radicalize our approach to problems,” he said.

Akther, who is Minister for R&B, also blamed Farooq Abdullah for today’s violence.

“It is unfortunate that one of the candidates (Dr Farooq Abdullah) also tried to glorify stone pelting and protests against the country for whose Parliament he is contesting the elections. This dichotomy of approach has also contributed to very sad course of events today,” he said.

At the time of addressing the presser, Shantamanu said six civilians were killed and 17 injured in poll-related violence in Central Kashmir’s parliamentary segment.

He said six deaths were caused due to firing and other similar incidents.

“More than 100 police and paramilitary personnel were also injured in the violence,” he said

 

‘India relies on nukes build-up instead of resolving Kashmir‘

12 Apr

india nuclearIndia has always relied on nuclear arms build-up instead of resolving the longstanding dispute of Kashmir, a senior officer of Arms Control and Disarmament Affairs (ACDA) said while addressing a British think tank.

‘South Asian Strategic Stability: A Pakistani Perspective’ was the topic of a recent address at the International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS), London where ACDA Director Brigadier Zahir Kazmi said, “The Indo-Pak Subcontinent’s nuclear powers have conflicting strategic paradigms.”

“India is distinctly revisionist and pursues global status and hegemony. Conversely, Pakistan pursues sovereign equality, undiminished security and peaceful coexistence.”

Bilateral restraint and responsibility, he said, must be exercised in nuclear, conventional and non-kinetic domains and State-terrorism should be condemned. Continuing dialogue, despite terrorist attacks, would weaken the terrorist-resolve and strengthen those, who wanted to build sustainable regional peace, he added.

He said that the international community had a stake in stabilising South Asia – that was of profiting from the unprecedented economic opportunities which the Asian Century was offering for all to seize, invest, capitalise and reap.

Strategic stability, he said was the fruit of relationship between India and Pakistan that encompassed the political conditions, security circumstances, doctrines and force postures to mutually preserve peace, prevent crisis escalation and resolve disputes to reduce the risk of war, especially a nuclear exchange.

“If peace and normalcy at the political and strategic plan remains elusive, stabilising deterrence is the next logical option and its nadir. Impasse over resolution of the bilateral disputes is the mother of all problems in the Sub-Continent,” he noted.

While recollecting historic facts, he said that nuclear weapons had always played an unlimited and central role in Indian strategic thinking.

Since the 1950s the country proliferated, made nuclear weapons for status and then created a security rationale for these, he said.

Threat from China, he said, was used as a bogey and raison d’ˆtre for India’s first nuclear bomb that was “peacefully” tested in 1974.

He said that in 1950s, Homi Bhaba, the founder of the Indian nuclear programme, had a politically backed plan for making nuclear weapons in nuclear energy’s garb. This was much before the war with China precipitated in 1962, he added.

In stark contrast, he said, Islamabad’s nuclear thinking had always been influenced by New Delhi’s doctrinal and force posture choices.

Islamabad had always endeavoured to maintain balance with proportionate and restrained responses to a dynamic threat, he added.

These disparate paradigms and lack of Indian interest in resolving bilateral disputes, he said, impacted the pursuit of strategic stability in a unique fashion.

Ironically, the diplomatic process in South Asia was sporadic and yielded little results, he said.

Islamabad faced increasing hubris, arrogance and reluctance to negotiate and resolve the disputes with its neighbour, he added.

He said that Pakistan spent 2.1 per cent of Asia’s total defence outlay, which paled in comparison to 13.9 per cent by India.

At 51.5 billion dollars, the Indian defence budget was 3.9 billion dollars more than that of France, 7.8 billion dollars less than Russia and 1.4 billion dollars less than Britain, he stated.

“India’s declaratory nuclear doctrine is incredible and destabilising.”

Indian Ambassadors and scholars, he said, had recently vindicated Pakistan that India’s force posture developments and rhetoric don’t add up.

He said that there were several hot takes on the policy of pre-emptive strike against Pakistan.

Once a scholar of Indian origin claimed at a recent nuclear fest in Washington DC that the ‘No-First Use’ pledge was a pretense, he said.

Indicating massive retaliation threat, he said that huge naval nuclear build-up and unrelenting fissile material production were some of the inconsistencies with the notion of minimalism in the nuclear doctrine in the neighbourhood of Pakistan.

Since 2013, there had been several signals that the doctrine was up for a change, he said.

Since then, some aspects had been leaked for gauging the international reactions, he added. Unlike nuclear doctrine, he said that Indian `limited war doctrine’ – alternatively called Cold Start and Proactive Defence Strategy – was credible.

“The country espouses a pre-emptive limited conventional war and hopes that it shall not escalate to nuclear level. Cold Start Doctrine was denied for 14 years till it fully matured and their Army Chief recently owned it.”

Cold Start Doctrine, he said, was operationalised at a big cost of around 182 billion dollars for the military hardware procurement, development of communication infrastructure. He said that India’s sub-conventional war or terrorism as a doctrine will create problems for Pakistan.

Ajit Doval, Indian Security Adviser, has openly professed a defensive-offensive mode of terrorism against Pakistan to remain under the country’s nuclear threshold.

He has also been explicit about targeting Balochistan.

Likewise, Prime Minister Modi had claimed that he played a part in the break-up of Pakistan in 1971, he said.

“Sub-conventional war’s latest manifestation came in 2016 once Commander Kulbhushan Yadav – a senior serving Indian intelligence naval officer – was arrested in Pakistan for abetting terrorism and fanning insurgency on his State’s orders.

“Use of State terrorism by a nuclear power to destabilise its neighbouring nuclear power is a sui generis case of the nuclear age,” he said.

The US declassified documents of 1960s, he said, provided dramatic evidence of over five decades of American ambivalence regarding their proliferation.

Top secret declassified documents revealed in 1961 that the US wanted to help India in making nuclear weapons, he said.

A State Department memo read: “It would be desirable if a friendly Asian power beat the Communist China to the punch by detonating a nuclear device first” – and India was the best candidate.” “Historically, Indian nuclear proliferation has remained a secondary American policy concern,” he said.

Unsurprisingly, the last American administration went out of the way in winning India an exceptional waiver from the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 2008, relegating all international non-proliferation norms that have been weaved as an apartheid over seven decades of nuclear age, he said.

There was also utter disregard to the fact that such exceptionalism can feed into strategic instability, he added.

Zahir Kazmi asked how long could the unfairness in non-proliferation regime endure if it catered to the politico-economic interests of few and created an apartheid against others based on the so-called principles.

Such exceptionalism had allowed a fast and dangerous nuclear programme fester in India, he added.

He said that a nuclear city had secretly sprouted up in Challakere, Karnataka, for building HEU stocks beyond the requirement of fuelling nuclear submarines and for making thermonuclear weapons.

There were assessments that Indian unsafeguarded nuclear reactors had a capacity of 2600 MWt, which was 13 times larger than that of Pakistan, he said.

The trophy for sporting the largest, oldest and fastest growing unsafeguarded nuclear programme in the developing world belongs to New Delhi, which currently has a total capacity of producing between 356 and 493 plutonium-based nuclear weapons, he quoted from recent open source assessments.

The developments in Indian missile and ballistic missile defence programme, he said were destabilising.

Since 1998 Pakistan had conducted 85 flight tests compared to 220 by India, which made their testing ratio 2.5 times more, he added.

Indian cyber capability, he said, was is potentially destabilizing.

“According to New Delhi’s National Cyber Security Policy of 2013, India shall have a force of half a million “cyber security professionals” by 2018. This force would be more than thrice the combined size of the entire British land, air and naval defence forces.”

Against this backdrop, he said that Pakistan saw itself cliff-hanging to maintain strategic stability in the Sub-Continent.

“Pakistan’s sincere desire for peaceful resolution of all disputes, particularly that of Jammu and Kashmir, has been a wild goose chase. Pakistan has exercised unilateral strategic restraint and takes minimum essential measures to stabilise deterrence,” he said. If India was a responsible and restrained power, it would not have played an active role in dismemberment of Pakistan in 1971, he said.

It was a country that has maintained an uncomfortable peace with all its neighbours, he added. Conversely, he said, Pakistan tested nuclear deterrent 24 years after India and started its missile programme almost a decade after it. He said that Pakistan believed in maintaining strategic balance instead of gaining parity with India.

“This is achieved by maintaining strategic capabilities at a level that is minimum for the credibility of deterrence. Minimalism in Pakistani nuclear behaviour is a function of self-restraint rather than resource constraint.”

“If nuclear weapons are only `political in nature and if there is a true commitment to nuclear disarmament, the focus of our collective efforts should be on dispute resolution and building peace rather than conflict management and building sinews of war,” he added.

This news was published in The Nation newspaper of 10-Apr-2017